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Monday, October 26, 2009

Home » , » Youth Congress II (Kongres Pemuda II)

Youth Congress II (Kongres Pemuda II)

The idea of organizing the Second Youth Congress (Kongres Pemuda II) came from the Association of  Indonesian Students (PPPI), a youth organization that consisted of students from all over Indonesia. PPPI initiative, the Congress held in three different buildings and divided in three meetings.

The first meeting, Saturday, October 27, 1928, in Building Katholieke Jongenlingen Bond (KJB), Waterlooplein (now Lapangan Banteng). In his speech, chairman of PPI Sugondo Djojopuspito hope Congress can strengthen the spirit of unity in the heart of the youth. The event was followed by Moehammad Yamin speech which explained the meaning and relationships between unity and youth. According to him, there are five factors that can strengthen the unity of Indonesia is the history, languages, customary law, education, and willingness.

The second meeting, Sunday, October 28, 1928, in Oost-Java House Bioscoop, discuss education issues. Both speakers, Poernomowoelan and Sarmidi Mangoensarkoro, argued that children should be educated nation, must also have a balance between education at school and at home. Children also should be educated in a democratic way.

At the closing meeting, in building Clubgebouw Indonesische Kramat Raya in Jalan 106, Sunario explained the importance of nationalism and democracy in addition to scouting movement. While Ramelan argued, scouting movement can not be separated from the national movement. Scouting movement since the early educate children and self-discipline, the things needed in the struggle.

Before the congress closed played the song "Indonesia Raya" by Wage Rudolf Supratman, who played the violin without poetry, on the advice Sugondo to Supratman. The song was greeted with a very lively by the participants of the congress. Congress closed with the statement announcing the results of the congress. By the youth who were present, it is pronounced as formulations Pledge of Allegiance.

The Second Youth Congress participants came from various representatives of existing youth organizations at the time, such as Jong Java, Jong Ambon, Jong Celebes, Jong Batak, Jong Sumatranen Bond, Bond Islamieten Jong, PPPI, Youth The Betawi, etc..

Among them there are even some young people Tionghoa as observers, namely Oey Kay Siang, John Lauw Tjoan Hok and Tjio Djien Kwie and Kwee Thiam Hong as a representative of Bond Sumatranen Jong. Baswedan AR initiated by the descendants of arab youth in Indonesia, held a congress in Semarang and gave an Oath of young arab descent.

Building on Jalan Kramat Raya 106, where he read the Youth Oath, is a boarding house for students and student property of Kok Liong Sie. The building of Kramat 106 had renovated by Pemda DKI Jakarta on 3 April to 20 May 1973 and was inaugurated Governor of DKI Jakarta, Ali Sadikin, on May 20, 1973 as a Youth Pledge Building. The building was re-inaugurated by President Soeharto on May 20, 1974. In the course of history, the Youth Pledge Building was managed by Pemda DKI Jakarta, and is currently managed by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.